Export Control and Related Border Security (EXBS) Program – Countering DPRK Proliferation
This Program is working to strengthen the capacity of partners to enforce the UN Security Council (UNSC) Resolutions on maritime-related sanctions imposed on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and UNSC Resolution 2231 (2015) as they relate to maritime/shipping activities and sharing maritime sanctions best practices with relevant stakeholders from major African maritime countries and flag states to detect, investigate and halt the shipment of controlled and sanctions-prohibited cargo, such as petroleum products and coal, luxury goods, conventional weapons, as well as dual-use items and sensitive technologies, subject to sanctions or embargoes against the DPRK.
This is being accomplished by:
- Assisting governments with creating legal and regulatory strategic trade control frameworks to equip them with the necessary domestic authorities to interdict activities of DPRK proliferation concern;
- Enhancing the capability of licensing, customs, and other enforcement officials to screen parties to trade transactions against DPRK sanctions lists;
- Conducting a series of scenario-based exercises in 2019 to identify any gaps in the policies and procedures that partner countries have in place to counter the transit and transshipment of controlled commodities and materials;
- Conducting industry outreach with exporters, brokers, and freight-forwarders to raise awareness of DPRK sanctions and facilitate industry compliance;
- Providing targeted assistance on sanctions evasion by developing champions in partner countries, working with these champions to develop a gap analysis, and providing trainings;
- Developing online trainings for the World Customs Organization’s Learning Management System, which assists Senior customs officials in identifying their role in sanctions implementation and directs their officers to enforce sanctions under the identified authority of their national Customs Act;
- Assisting partner countries in developing a tool using risk scoring methodology to assess overall proliferation finance (PF) in each partner country; and
- Supporting risk and threat analysis of DPRK-backed advanced persistent threats, case studies, analysis of selected partner countries’ current level of cybersecurity posture and legal requirements, and a map of cyber risks, threats, and controls for EXBS partner countries.
Risk Area(s) covered
ASI Database Release
Providers and Implementers ?
|Implementer||United States Department of State||State|
Related Projects & Programs
|Mr Todd Perry||Special Coordinator, UNSCR 1540||
Department of State
|Mr Stephen Knight||Point of Contact||
United States Mission to the United Nations